How to Sow, Grow & Harvest High-Quality Carrots in India?

Carrot is a traditional root vegetable that is quite popular in India. This versatile, high-fibre root vegetable is consumed in many ways. Many people prefer to use it as raw salads or cook it as a stew or soup. The average crop duration is 90 to 100 days or 3 months, depending on the seed variety. Moreover, with proper crop management, you can expect to get a yield of 7000 to 8000 kg from 1-acre land for carrot farming in India.

These vegetables are easy to grow, plant and harvest in India, given the favourable climatic conditions and agri-resources. Interested in carrot cultivation? Get your absolute quality farming tractor like John Deere 5105 as we are about to discuss the best steps to cultivate carrot crops in India.

Technical Factors Required To Sow, Grow & Harvest High-Yielding Carrots

You must consider some technical factors while sowing and harvesting carrots in India.

  • Selecting the right site

To pursue carrot farming in India, make sure you choose the right soil surface. These nutritious vegetables grow suitably in well-drained soils with a ph level between 6.0 to 6.8. Ensure the soil is free from weeds from previous crop cultivation or any kind of rocks or debris. Moreover, provide 5-6 hours of sunlight for better crop growth.

  • Soil Preparation

After selecting the site, you need to prepare the site with superior-quality ploughing & harrowing implements. Moreover, use optimum horsepower tractors like John Deere 5205 that support quality tillage without compacting the soil. Ensure to provide the soil with fine tilth up to a depth of 6 to 8 inches. Moreover, ensure the soil is rich in organic matter and supply well-rotted farmyard manure for better crop growth.

  • Sowing & Planting of Carrot Seeds

After preparing the field with ploughing & tilling implements, prepare for the sowing process. Carrot seeds are quite small and must be sowed at a depth of /4 inches while maintaining a width of 1 inch and row-to-row space of 12 to 18 inches. The germination process can take up to almost 2 weeks; during the transition, keep the soil moist for better growth.

  • Watering & Fertiliser Schedule

Avoid over watering during carrot cultivation, as it can cause roots to split. Moreover, the aim is to supply irrigation to the field only once weekly. And increase the frequency during dry periods. Providing organic fertiliser to the soil in balanced quantities is also crucial for supplying proper nutrients to the crop. Apply the fertiliser to the soil every 4-6 weeks max.

  • Thinning of Seeds

Once you see the seedlings reaching a height of 2 inches, maintain the spacing of 2 to 3 inches between plants by thinning the trenches. With thinning, you create more space to grow carrots with improved airflow. Moreover, this process also helps in preventing the infestation of certain diseases.

  • Harvesting for Carrot Crops

Carrots become ready to harvest within 70-80 days of planting. You can choose morning’s time to cultivate the field as that’s when the soil is moist & ready to work upon. Swiftly dig out the carrots by taking out their tops for safe harvesting. However, ensure you perform the first harvesting right before the first frost.

How to Control Pests & Diseases in Carrot Cultivation?

Carrots are prone to pests and diseases like carrots’ rust fly, aphids & leaf blight. Apple organic pesticides or fungicides to the field to prevent pests & diseases.

Final Thoughts on Carrots Cultivation in India

Carrots are the most nutritive and high-yielding crops that can cultivate in any given soil and climatic conditions. By following the above steps, you can grow high-quality seasoned carrot vegetables within a crop cycle of 90-100 days. In the end, just stay persistent and patient and apply best-in-class crop management techniques to achieve the best yield.

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